By Carl Rollyson
The debatable American poet Amy Lowell (1874-1925), a founding member of the Imagist staff that integrated D. H. Lawrence and H. D., excelled because the impresario for the “new poetry” that grew to become information around the U. S. within the years after global conflict I. Maligned through T. S. Eliot because the “demon saleswoman” of poetry, and ridiculed by way of Ezra Pound, Lowell has been handled via earlier biographers as an overweight, sex-starved, inferior poet who smoked cigars and made a spectacle of herself, canvassing the rustic on lecture excursions that drew crowds within the countless numbers for her electrifying performances.
In truth, Lowell wrote a few of the most interesting love lyrics of the 20th century and led an entire and loving lifestyles together with her consistent spouse, the retired actress Ada Russell. She used to be presented the Pulitzer Prize posthumously in 1926. This provocative new biography, the 1st in 40 years, restores Amy Lowell to her complete humanity in an period that, eventually, is starting to have fun with the contributions of gays and lesbians to American’s cultural historical past. Drawing on newly came upon letters and papers, Rollyson’s biography ultimately supplies this bright poet her due.
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Additional info for Amy Lowell Anew: A Biography
Then there has been Mabel: taking a look prettier than ever, her hair is set so long as mine, and tied again losely [sic] i'm really joyful she has come domestic. She is extra interesting than prior to if attainable. i'm hoping that she will be able to visit university even though Mrs. Cabot [said] she is probably not capable as might be she can't sustain, but when i will she absolutely can. i love her far better than ahead of actually i like her a great deal certainly, she doesn't pay a lot recognition to me, yet might be she's going to like me larger through and by means of. Amy dated this come across with Katie Bowditch may well 19, 1888: “I positioned a few violets anonymously on her table the day before today, yet she figured out who despatched them & got here & thanked me & acknowledged that i used to be a ‘dear little chook. ’ I want that she might lose a boot button in class. i'd take it and put on it around my neck. ” 8 CHA P TE R 1 If Amy didn't obtain the better schooling her brothers benefited from, she used to be infrequently disadvantaged of a lot, judging by way of her notebooks, which come with outlines of the writings of Oliver Goldsmith, Thomas grey, and Robert Burns, in addition to notes on Julius Caesar, eighteenthcentury essays, and John Ruskin. She learn histories of Rome, England, France, and Spain; she took notes at the writing of Erasmus and Thomas extra. subject matters for essays incorporated: “inconvenience of horse-car moves to the general public, to the managers, to the strikers, to the households of strikers. moves are undesirable simply because they go away males idle. ” She studied “rules for the semi-colon,” colon, and comma, and labored via workouts in capitalization and spelling. different workouts integrated writing 5 brief sentences and turning them into lengthy ones. She learn Herbert Spencer’s essay at the philosophy of favor. She additionally started to gather personality sketches, describing her nurse, Mu, as “very humorous and a major bore whilst she comes after me. ” Amy loved working clear of the scolding Mu. Amy was once no longer precisely lonely; she was once occasionally a loner by means of selection. As a sixteen-year-old writing in her diary, she wonders, “Why are childrens such fools? ” In her undated composition ebook, the teenage Amy solutions questions that exposed self-discipline as her favourite ethical attribute; deceit because the ethical failing she so much disliked; Benjamin Franklin because the American hero she so much widespread; and Alfred the good as her decide for a hero from one other nation. the guy she so much hated in heritage was once Napoleon, and her favourite American heroine was once Barbara Frietchie. The ninety-five-year-old is expounded to have stood in a Frederick, Maryland, road waving the Union flag in defiance of Stonewall Jackson’s invading troops, declaiming John Greenleaf Whittier’s poem. “Barbara Frietchie”: “Shoot, in the event you needs to, this outdated grey head, yet spare your country’s flag,” she stated. A color of unhappiness, a blush of disgrace, Over the face of the chief got here; The nobler nature inside of him stirred To lifestyles at that woman’s deed and notice; “Who touches a hair of yon grey head Dies like a puppy! March on! ” he acknowledged . . . Like generations of schoolchildren mentioned to memorize their Longfellow and Whittier, Lowell most likely knew this poem by means of center.