By Jimmie Lewis Franklin
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Additional info for Born Sober: Prohibition in Oklahoma, 1907-59
Nine In six of the smaller cities of the state-Watonga, Geary, Blackwell, Newkirk, Kingfisher, and Perry-the variety of arrests tripled among 1908 and 1 nine 1 zero. 10 often, enforcement within the greater towns and cities provided better difficulty than within the much less populated components. no matter what those data could or would possibly not recommend, they essentially point out the presence of a substantial site visitors in liquor. The economics of enforcement complex the suppres sion of the liquor site visitors in lots of elements of Oklahoma. In fif youngster counties-Grady, Comanche, Caddo, Kiowa, Murray, Carter, Johnston, Canadian, Seminole, Muskogee, Tulsa, Creek, Oklahoma, Pottawatomie, and Nowata-more than 9,000 situations arose out of the illicit sale of liquor among 1 908 and 1 nine 10, at a complete rate to those counties of $2 three 1 ,000. In Pottawatomie, below a yr after statehood, County At torney Virgil Biggers lamented that the continuation of liquor-law enforcement at the moment fee may holiday the county. by way of June of 1908 he had prosecuted three 2 6 circumstances, thirds of which led to no convictions. those, the legal professional expected, price a standard of $20. 00 every one, or a complete of $6,520Y Fines gathered amounted to just $2 ,000. Condi- four Harlow's Weekly, June S, 1914. five day-by-day Oklahoman, August eight, 1908. 6 American factor, March, 1910. 7 Cherrington, ASL Yearbook, 1 nine 1 1 , a hundred and forty. -38- eight Figures for 1908 should be present in the yankee factor, September, 1908, and the day-by-day Oklahoman, July, 1908. See facts for 1910 within the day-by-day Oklahoman, November 2, 1910. nine day-by-day Oklahoman, November 2, 1910. 10 Cherrington, ASL Yearbook, 1910, 168. eleven Shawnee day-by-day bring in, June eight, 1908. -39- B ORN SOBER HASKELL reports ENFORCEMENT WOES tions better little the next years. of one , 1 five zero situations filed in county court docket in 1 nine 1 zero, 1 ,100 have been alleged liquor viola tions, prosecuted at a complete rate to the county of approximately $32 ,OOOP country officers, even if, claimed that counties got here out even within the enforcement of the legislations, most commonly, even if a few certainly incurred a monetary deficit. Governor Haskell held tenaciously to the idea that vig orous enforcement could yield sufficient source of revenue to hide all expenditures. He contended that the place officials observed that the con victed violators labored out their sentences while not able to pay, the county got here out forward, yet the place prisoners re mained idly in prison, costs elevated, and therefore helped to dis credits the legislation. so much counties, even if, weren't as lucky as Canadian, Custer, Comanche, or Adair, all of which re ported a revenue as a result of enforcementY In Canadian County, for instance, there have been 2 2 2 activities lower than the prohibition legislations among November of 1907 and July of 1908. the price of operation of the county seat, which integrated sal aries of the judges, clerks, and jury charges, totaled $5,300, whereas the gathering of fines got here to $9,500 ; the worth of all liquor seized amounted to nearly $5,000. 14 regardless of the price of enforcement and the list of prohi bition within the new kingdom, Governor Haskell's perspective remained unalterable.