Download E-books The Decline of the West (Volume 1): Form and Actuality PDF

The Decline of the West quantity I: shape and Actuality
By Oswald Spengler

Contents

I-Introduction
II-The that means of Numbers
III-The challenge of World-history--Physiognomic and Systematic
IV-The challenge of World-history--The Destiny-idea and the Causality-principle
V-Makrokosmos--The Symbolism of the World-picture and the matter of area
VI-Makrokosmos--Apollinian, Faustian, and Magian Soul
VII-Music and Plastic--The Arts of shape
VIII-Music and Plastic--Act and Portrait
IX-Soul-image and Life-feeling--On the shape of the Soul
X-Soul-image and Life-feeling--Buddhism, Stoicism, and Socialism
XI-Faustian and Apollinian Nature-Knowledge

Introduction

In this ebook is tried for the 1st time the enterprise of predetermining historical past, of following the nonetheless untravelled phases within the future of a tradition, and in particular of the single tradition of our time and on our planet that is truly within the part of fulfilment--the West-European-American.

Hitherto the potential for fixing an issue so far-reaching has obviously by no means been envisaged, or even if it have been so, the technique of facing it have been both altogether unsuspected or, at most sensible, inadequately used.

Is there a common sense of background? Is there, past all of the informal and incalculable components of the separate occasions, anything that we may perhaps name a metaphysical constitution of historical humanity, whatever that's basically self reliant of the outward forms--social, non secular and political--which we see so sincerely? are usually not those actualities certainly secondary or derived from that anything? Does world-history current to the seeing eye yes grand characteristics, repeatedly, with adequate fidelity to justify convinced conclusions? And if this is the case, what are the boundaries to which reasoning from such premisses could be driven?

Is it attainable to discover in existence itself--for human heritage is the sum of amazing life-courses which have already got needed to be endowed with ego and character, in regularly occurring idea and expression, via predicating entities of a better order like "the Classical" or "the chinese language Culture," "Modern Civilization"--a sequence of levels which needs to be traversed, and traversed in addition in an ordered and compulsory series? For every thing natural the notions of start, loss of life, early life, age, lifetime are fundamentals--may no longer those notions, during this sphere additionally, own a rigorous which means which nobody has as but extracted? in brief, is all background based upon basic biographic archetypes?

The decline of the West, which initially sight might seem, just like the corresponding decline of the Classical tradition, a phenomenon constrained in time and house, we now understand to be a philosophical challenge that, whilst comprehended...

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Download E-books Interpreting Avicenna: Science And Philosophy In Medieval Islam: Proceedings Of The Second Conference Of The Avicenna Study Group (Islamic Philosophy, Theology and Science) PDF

This quantity presents twelve essays on a variety of facets of Avicenna's philosophical and clinical contributions, forthcoming those themes from philological, ancient and philosohical methodologies. The paintings is conceptually divided into 4 sections: (1) technique, (2) average philosophy and the precise sciences, (3) theology and metaphysics and (4) Avicenna's background. the 1st part presents concerns for distinguishing actual from pseudo Avicennan works.

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Download E-books Les Atomistes de l'Antiquité : Démocrite, Epicure, Lucrèce PDF

By Jean Salem

Parmi les Anciens, Démocrite, Epicure et Lucrèce ont ecu le génie de professer que l'univers entier est une sorte d'immense Lego ! Ils enseignèrent que l'être est un et, tout à l. a. fois, sporadique ; que los angeles naissance est composition et l. a. mort désagrégation ; que de minuscules éléments de development. lesquels, pris un à un, sont éternels et immodifiables, se combinent puis se dissocient au gré de leur agitation incessante clans le vide tremendous. Epicure et Lucrèce, son plus grand disciple romain, furent en outre deux maîtres de volupté: beaucoup plus que chez Démocrite, l. a. philosophie des atomes a chez eux partie liée avec los angeles poursuite du plaisir qu'ils identifient au bien souverain. A ce titre, ils sont résolument modernes. Comme ils le sont aussi quand ils annoncent que, dans un univers dont los angeles windfall est exclue, dans ce Lego fait de corpuscules insensibles, chacun pourra mesurer le néant des fables qui agitent les mortels, l'absurdité des mythes relatifs aux châtiments infernaux et, ainsi, parvenir à l'idée qu'il est attainable d'atteindre un bonheur extreme, sturdy et parfait, dans les limites de l. a. vie terrestre.

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Download E-books The Ayn Rand Lexicon: Objectivism from A to Z (Ayn Rand Library) PDF

By Ayn Rand, Harry Binswanger

A prolific author, bestselling novelist, and world-renowned thinker, Ayn Rand outlined an entire method of thought--from epistemology to aesthetics. Her writing is so vast and the variety of matters she covers so huge, immense that these attracted to discovering her discussions of a given subject could have to go looking via many assets to find the appropriate passage. The Ayn Rand Lexicon brings jointly all of the key rules of her philosophy of Objectivism. all started below Rand's supervision, this targeted quantity is a useful consultant to her philosophy or cause, self-interest and laissez-faire capitalism--the philosophy so brilliantly dramatized in her novels The Fountainhead, We the dwelling, and Anthem.

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Download E-books Where Good Ideas Come From PDF

By Steven Johnson

The printing press, the pencil, the flush rest room, the battery--these are all nice rules. yet the place do they arrive from? what sort of surroundings breeds them? What sparks the flash of brilliance? How will we generate the step forward applied sciences that push ahead our lives, our society, our tradition? Steven Johnson's solutions are revelatory as he identifies the seven key styles in the back of real innovation, and strains them throughout time and disciplines. From Darwin and Freud to the halls of Google and Apple, Johnson investigates the innovation hubs all through sleek time and pulls out the ways and commonalities that appear to seem at moments of originality.

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Download E-books Whole Earth Discipline: An Ecopragmatist Manifesto PDF

By Stewart Brand

An icon of the environmental stream outlines a provocative technique for reclaiming our planet

based on Stewart model, a lifelong environmentalist who sees every little thing when it comes to solvable layout difficulties, 3 profound variations are below approach on the earth right away. weather swap is actual and is pushing us towards handling the planet as a complete. Urbanization?half the world?s inhabitants now lives in towns, and 80 percentage will by way of midcentury?is changing humanity?s land influence and wealth. And biotechnology is changing into the world?s dominant engineering software. In gentle of those adjustments, model means that environmentalists are going to need to opposite a few longheld reviews and embody instruments that they've regularly distrusted. just a radical rethinking of conventional eco-friendly pieties will let us avert the cataclysmic deterioration of the earth?s resources.

Whole Earth Discipline shatters a couple of myths and provides counterintuitive observations on why towns are literally greener than geographical region, how nuclear energy is the way forward for strength, and why genetic engineering is the main to crop and land administration. With a mixture of clinical rigor and passionate advocacy, model exhibits us precisely the place the resources of our dilemmas lie and provides a daring and creative set of rules and ideas for making a extra sustainable society.

finally, says model, the environmental circulate needs to turn into newly aware of fast-moving technological know-how and absorb the instruments and self-discipline of engineering. we need to methods to deal with the planet?s global-scale normal infrastructure with as gentle a marginally as attainable and as a lot intervention as necessary.

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Download E-books Traités 45-50 PDF

By Plotinus

Né en Égypte au début du IIIe siècle apr. J.-C., Plotin s'installe à Rome en 246, en terre stoïcienne, pour y enseigner les principes d'une philosophie platonicienne et y inaugurer los angeles culture qu'on dit aujourd'hui néoplatonicienne. De 254 jusqu'à los angeles veille de sa mort, en 270, Plotin rédige un ensemble de textes que son disciple Porphyre éditera vers l'année three hundred en les distribuant en six " neuvaines " les Ennéades. Dans ces traités, Plotin se suggest de guider l'âme de son lecteur sur le chemin d'une ascèse qui doit los angeles conduire vers son principe, l'intellect et lui permettre alors de percevoir, pour s'y unir, le principe de toutes choses qu'est " l'Un ". l. a. présente assortment regroupera, en neuf volumes, les cinquante-quatre traités de Plotin. traduits et présentés dans l'ordre chronologique qui fut celui de leur rédaction.

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