Download E-books Ship's Surgeons of the Dutch East India Company: Commerce and the Progress of Medicine in the Eighteenth Century (LUP Academic) PDF

During the eighteenth century, the surgeons of ships hired through the Dutch East India corporation have been in charge not just for the well-being of sailors on board, but in addition of these in corporation hospitals all through an unlimited geographical empire that prolonged from South Africa to Japan. appeared by way of their contemporaries as little greater than illiterate and opportunistic barbers, those early clinical practitioners engaged in a fancy operating lifestyles as diverse because the geographical terrain they covered.

This quantity bargains a desirable exploration of the truth in their career, drawing on facts and firsthand bills from over 3,000 of the surgeons within the company’s carrier, and spanning themes as diversified because the recruitment coverage of the corporate, the profession trajectory of the surgeons in its hire, their geographical origins, and their existence expectancy. Demonstrating that a dead ringer for those surgeons as uneducated apprentices is little greater than a fable, Iris Bruijn portrays them extra properly as particularly well-educated males topic to the hazards of existence at sea, together with incurable illnesses differently unknown of their ecu homeland.

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Download E-books The Science of Ocean Waves: Ripples, Tsunamis, and Stormy Seas PDF

"Powerful ocean waves fascinate the general public, and so they have made loads of information lately." With that undeniable statement, scientist J. B. Zirker takes to the air on a whirlwind travel of the realm of waves―from the "ordinary" waves that always churn the ocean to the rogues or freaks that could stand up possible from nowhere to heights of 20 meters or more... and every little thing in between.

Addressing questions so much ocean viewers have had and delivering new ones for our attention, The technological know-how of Ocean Waves explains in obtainable language how waves are shaped, how they circulation, how they turn into large and harmful, and the way they are being studied now for clues that would aid us plan for the future.

Devoting chapters to wind, tides, currents, breakers, tsunamis, forecasting, renewable strength, and El Niño―as good as discussing the gentler homes of ocean waves which encourage us and provide possibilities for leisure and recreation―Zirker explores the actual elements that create waves.

Drawing on the various fresh storms that experience devastated complete regions―such as storm Katrina, the tsunami introduced via the 2004 Sumatran earthquake, and the nice tsunami that beaten the shore of Japan in 2011―Zirker explains the forces that reason those monster waves and divulges the toll they tackle human lives.

Enhanced through dozens of illustrations and a complete word list, The technological know-how of Ocean Waves will fascinate a person eager about the technology at the back of the headlines.

Praise for J. B. Zirker

"Scientists comprehend their stuff yet are hardly ever sturdy storytellers, while reliable storytellers infrequently own the mandatory sweeping command of a systematic self-discipline. Zirker is that infrequent animal who can either converse the main difficult technical element and make it accessible."― New Scientist

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Download E-books On Aristotle Meteorology 1.4-9, 12 (Ancient Commentators on Aristotle) PDF

By John Philoponus

Of Philoponus' observation at the Meteorology basically that on chapters 1-9 and 12 of the 1st publication has been preserved. it really is translated during this sequence in volumes, the 1st masking chapters 1-3; the second one (this quantity) chapters 4-9 and 12. the topics mentioned the following contain the character of fiery and light-weight phenomena within the sky, the formation of comets, the Milky method, the houses of wet exhalation, and the formation of hail. Philoponus can pay unique realization to the excellence among the plain and the true one of the sky phenomena; he criticises Aristotle's thought of the Milky approach as sublunary, and argues for its foundation within the heavenly realm; supplies a close exposition of Aristotelian conception of antiperistasis, mutual substitute of the recent and the chilly, because the mechanism of condensation and comparable techniques. As within the first quantity, Philoponus demonstrates scholarly erudition and familiarity with equipment and result of post-Aristotelian Greek technology. regardless of the fragmented country of the paintings and the style of observation, the reader will locate the weather of a coherent photograph of the cosmos in response to an intensive re-thinking of Aristotelian meteorology and physics. the quantity could be of curiosity to all scholars of old and medieval philosophy, heritage of Early sleek philosophy, historical past and philosophy of technology.

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Download E-books The Code Book: The Evolution of Secrecy from Mary, Queen of Scots to Quantum Cryptography PDF

By Simon Singh

Codes have made up our minds the fates of empires, international locations, and monarchies all through recorded background. Mary, Queen of Scots was once positioned to demise through her cousin, Queen Elizabeth, for the excessive crime of treason after spymaster Sir Francis Walsingham cracked the key code she used to speak along with her conspirators. And hence the process British heritage used to be altered through a number of sheets of cryptic prose. this is often only one hyperlink in humankind's evolutionary chain of mystery communique, and only one of the attention-grabbing incidents acknowledged in The Code Book, written through bestselling writer Simon Singh.

Combining an excellent storyteller's feel of drama and a scientist's appreciation for technical perfection, Singh strains the evolution of mystery writing from old Greek army espionage to the frontiers of machine technological know-how. the result's an epic story of human ingenuity, with examples that variety from the poignant to the extraordinary to the world-historical.

There is the case of the Beale ciphers, which consists of Wild West escapades, a cowboy who accumulated an unlimited fortune, a buried treasure worthy $20 million, and a mysterious set of encrypted papers describing its whereabouts--papers that experience baffled generations of cryptanalysts and captivated enormous quantities of treasure hunters.

A quicker finish to a bloody warfare used to be the single gift that may be promised to the Allied code breakers of worldwide Wars I and II, whose selfless contributions altered the process historical past; yet few of them lived to obtain any credits for his or her top-secret accomplishments. one of the so much relocating of those tales is that of the realm struggle II British code breaker Alan Turing, who gave up an excellent profession in arithmetic to commit himself to the Allied reason, in simple terms to finish his years punished via the kingdom for his homosexuality, whereas his heroism was once neglected. No much less heroic have been the Navajo code talkers, who volunteered with no hesitation to probability their lives for the Allied forces within the jap theater, the place they have been regularly flawed for the enemy.

Interspersed with those gripping tales are transparent mathematical, linguistic, and technological demonstrations of codes, in addition to illustrations of the awesome personalities--many brave, a few villainous, and all obsessive--who wrote and broke them.

All roads result in the current day, within which the potential of a really unbreakable code looms huge. Singh explores this threat, and the ramifications of our expanding want for privateness, whilst it starts off to chafe opposed to the said project of the robust and deeply secretive nationwide safety supplier. enjoyable, compelling, and remarkably far-reaching, this can be a ebook that would endlessly modify your view of background, what drives it, and the way inner most that e mail you simply despatched relatively is.

Included within the booklet is a global Cipher Challenge--a $15,000 award may be given through the writer to the 1st reader who cracks the code effectively. development towards the answer could be tracked at the Code publication web site.

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Download E-books Integrated Silicon Optoelectronics (Springer Series in Photonics) PDF

The publication covers the total subject from the fundamentals of optoelectronics, equipment physics of photodetectors and lightweight emitters, simulation of photodetectors, and technological facets of optoelectronic integration in microelectronics (bipolar, CMOS, BiCMOS) to circuit points and sensible purposes. The ebook summarizes the state-of-the-art in built-in silicon optoelectronics and stories fresh guides in this subject. result of simple learn on silicon mild emitters are incorporated to boot. released effects are in comparison with one another and with the paintings of the writer.

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Download E-books Scientific American Inventions and Discoveries: All the Milestones in Ingenuity From the Discovery of Fire to the Invention of the Microwave Oven PDF

By Rodney Carlisle

A special A-to-Z reference of brilliance in innovation and invention

Combining engagingly written, well-researched heritage with the revered imprimatur of medical American journal, this authoritative, obtainable reference offers a wide-ranging evaluation of the innovations, technological advances, and discoveries that experience reworked human society all through our history.

More than four hundred exciting entries clarify the main points and value of such diverse breakthroughs because the improvement of agriculture, the ""invention"" of algebra, and the beginning of the pc. precise chronological sections divide the entries, delivering a distinct specialize in the intersection of technological know-how and expertise from early human historical past to the current. furthermore, each one part is supplemented by means of basic resource sidebars, which characteristic excerpts from scientists' diaries, modern debts of latest innovations, and diverse ""In their very own Words"" sources.

Comprehensive and carefully readable, medical American innovations and Discoveries is an fundamental source for somebody enthusiastic about the heritage of technological know-how and technology.

Topics include:

aerosol spray * algebra * Archimedes' precept * barbed twine * canned foodstuff * carburetor * movement of blood * condom * encryption computing device * fork * gasoline cellphone * range * song synthesizer * positron * radar * metal * tv * site visitors lighting fixtures * Heisenberg's uncertainty precept

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Download E-books The Great Bear Sea: Exploring the Marine Life of a Pacific Paradise PDF

By Ian McAllister

Following up the good fortune in their first books in regards to the nice undergo Rainforest, The Salmon Bears and The Sea Wolves, Ian McAllister and Nicholas learn take readers on an excursion into the wondrous and mysterious underwater international of the good undergo Sea. This impressive a part of the northeast Pacific Ocean is domestic to a few of the planet's mightiest and such a lot cherished citizens: whales, sea lions, dolphins, orcas, sea otters and wild salmon. choked with marvelous photos of this mostly unknown a part of the realm, the e-book additionally explores the doubtful way forward for the nice undergo Sea during this age of weather switch, overfishing, pipelines and oil tankers. Can a rainforest jam-packed with infrequent spirit bears, fishing wolves and nice grizzlies live to tell the tale with out a nice undergo Sea to feed and nourish it?

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