By Joan Grierson
When Marjorie Hill graduated in 1920 as Canada's "first woman architect," she was once coming into a occupation that have been demonstrated in Canada simply 30 years previous. For the checklist, the 1st historical past of girls architects in Canada, presents a desirable creation to early ladies architects, offered in the context of advancements in either Europe and North America.
Profiles of the ladies who graduated from the varsity of structure on the collage of Toronto among 1920 and 1960 are illustrated with images in their paintings and comprise archival fabric that hasn't ever sooner than been published.
The ultimate bankruptcy on modern ladies in structure showcases contributions via prime ladies architects around the kingdom, from Halifax to Vancouver to Iqaluit. For the list additionally presents present details on colleges of structure in Canada and encompasses a checklist of different assets to inspire younger women who're taking into account pursuing careers in architecture.
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Additional info for For the Record: The First Women in Canadian Architecture
Born in England, sity records and from architectural organizations, households and acquaintances, she arrived in 1 nine 2 6 in Victoria, British Columbia, along with her Cana- and with the endurance of made up our minds researchers, we dian husband, Frank. either have been certified architects who had unearthed and assembled our show fabric. This approach attended the Architectural organization in London. that they had took years. back to Frank's domestic in Victoria, arrange a convention, and have been Our learn pointed out 4 ladies who deserve particular males- mom and dad of 2 kids while Frank Holland died all of sudden. Sylvia tion, even supposing none of them graduated in structure during this Holland endured the perform. files express that during 1 nine three three she nation. One was once Mary Anna Kentner, the 1st girl t o join used to be the 1st lady to check in with the Architectural Institute of in structure in Canada in 1916, on the tuition of useful British Columbia. even if, one of many Holland youngsters used to be sickly, 118 APPENDIX B (LEFT TO correct) Ruthetta Reiss, Natalie Liacas, Joanna Ozdowski and lsobel Stewart taking a look at the scrapbooks. (LEFT TO correct) Dama Bell, Lennox Grafton, Audrey Christie and Ann Malott at a night reception hosted by way of Blanche Lemco van Ginkel. and in 1 nine three 6 the kin moved t o California. country laws tuberculosis nurse on the loose Toronto sanatorium for the Consump- there required Holland t o requalify so as t o perform architec- tive bad. She labored there until eventually her retirement within the Sixties, ture; as an alternative, she came upon paintings as a advertisement artist with Univer- and died in 1967. sal movies. In 1938, Sylvia Holland was once employed via Walt Disney, for Elma Laird apprenticed in Brantford, Ontario. After a enterprise whom she labored on many tasks together with Fantasia and Bambi. university schooling, she labored for 2 contracting corporations in Brant- She later turned a contract artist and persevered to reside in Cali- ford. round 1920, Laird went t o paintings within the workplace of F. C. Bodley, fornia until eventually her loss of life in 1957. Architect. Her drafting begun as soon as her typing was once accomplished. The In 1914, Alexandra Biriukova was once presented a level in archi- paintings used to be mostly residential: her enterprise may provide her a coarse tecture in Petrograd, Russia, then fled along with her relations to Rome at thought of necessities and Laird was once to take it from there. She did the time of the Russian Revolution. There, she studied on the now not meet with consumers herself, which it seems that ideal her. To his Royal more advantageous institution of structure lower than Arnold Foschini, a credits, F. C. Bodley helped Laird to acquire the mandatory papers famous Italian architect. In 1929, she got here t o Toronto, the place a and sign in with the OAA in 1932. unfortunately, the place of work closed sister was once instructing artwork at higher Canada university. Her first com- almost immediately thereafter, yet another casualty of the melancholy. Elma undertaking is believed t o were the inner layout of a Russian Laird endured, for a few years, to pay her annual OAA charges "just Orthodox church.